Writing A Research Paper on Diversity, Equity, and Inclusion for Adult Nurses

The NHS Peoples' Plan is not just a policy document; it's a roadmap to fostering inclusivity and equity in healthcare, making every voice count.


  • Introduce the topic: "The NHS Peoples' Plan and its emphasis on diversity, equity, and inclusion with reference to healthcare staff."
  • Highlight the significance of this topic in today's healthcare landscape.
  • Brief on using PICO/PEO frameworks and either qualitative or quantitative research methods.

Section 1: Understanding the NHS Peoples' Plan

  • Explain the NHS Peoples' Plan, focusing on its goals for diversity, equity, and inclusion.
  • Discuss why studying these aspects is crucial for healthcare staff and patient care.

Section 2: Using the PICO/PEO Framework

  • Define PICO (Population, Intervention, Comparison, Outcome) and PEO (Population, Exposure, Outcome) for this context.
  • Guide on formulating a focused research question using these frameworks.

Section 3: Choosing Between Qualitative and Quantitative Approaches

  • Discuss the differences between qualitative and quantitative research.
  • Offer insights on choosing the appropriate method based on the research question.

Section 4: Conducting Qualitative Research

  • If focusing on qualitative: Detail methods like interviews, focus groups, and thematic analysis.
  • Emphasise understanding staff and patient experiences and perspectives.

Section 5: Undertaking Quantitative Research

  • If focusing on quantitative: Guide on conducting surveys, statistical analysis, and data interpretation.
  • Highlight how to use data to assess the effectiveness of the Plan’s initiatives.

Section 6: Compiling and Presenting Findings

  • Advice on effectively compiling and presenting research findings.
  • Tips on ensuring findings are insightful and relevant to healthcare practices.


  • Summarise the importance of researching the NHS Peoples' Plan.
  • Encourage readers to contribute to the ongoing conversation on diversity, equity, and inclusion in healthcare.
Want to see a sample paper? Click here to view a sample paper on 'The NHS Peoples' Plan and its emphasis on diversity, equity, and inclusion.' Gain insights into structuring and detailing your research."



The lack of diversity in racial and ethnic backgrounds among healthcare workers has been linked to suboptimal outcomes in healthcare delivery. The NHS has therefore initiated measures to counteract the negative effects of disparities based on race, culture, and gender within its facilities.

Research Question:

What are the most effective methods and strategies for implementing diversity, equity, and inclusion initiatives within the healthcare workforce to enhance healthcare outcomes, staff well-being, and patient experiences within the UK's National Health Service (NHS)?

Literature Review:

A thorough analysis of existing research was conducted to examine the effects of racial, cultural discrimination, and gender imbalances on the healthcare outcomes of nurses in NHS Trusts in central London.


An integrative review approach was used, combining existing evidence on NHS initiatives for promoting diversity, inclusivity, and equity in healthcare. Searches were conducted in PubMed and Medline databases, guided by the POE framework. The Critical Appraisal Skills Programme (CASP) evaluated the quality of included sources.


The research highlights that healthcare professionals often encounter issues like inequality, discrimination, and unfair treatment. These issues lead to detrimental outcomes such as low retention rates, poor motivation, career stagnation, anxiety, and depression, ultimately impacting the quality of clinical care. However, the NHS has been proactive in implementing institutional and structural measures to combat these challenges, including cultural discrimination awareness training.


This proposal enhances understanding of the current gaps in inclusivity, diversity, and equity among various ethnic and racial groups within NHS healthcare workers.

Implications for Nursing Practice:

It's essential to recognize the impact of cultural discrimination, racism, and gender imbalances on the quality of care. The NHS has been focusing on initiatives to enhance healthcare services in this context.

Keywords: NHS People Plan, Diversity, Equity, Inclusion, Healthcare Staff

The NHS, one of the UK's largest employers, must reflect the diversity of the population it serves in its workforce. The NHS People's Plan, unveiled in 2020, stresses the critical role of diversity, equity, and inclusion (DEI) among healthcare staff. The plan acknowledges the diverse ethnic, social, and cultural backgrounds of the NHS workforce and emphasizes the need for a supportive and inclusive environment (NHS England, 2020).

Key objectives of the plan include enhancing workforce diversity, particularly in leadership roles, and addressing pay and opportunity inequalities, especially for underrepresented groups. These efforts are crucial as a diverse workforce can better cater to the varied needs of patients from different backgrounds, thus improving patient care and satisfaction.

Promoting DEI is crucial for several reasons. It ensures culturally appropriate care, addresses inequalities and discrimination within the healthcare system, and enhances the overall care quality. A diverse workforce brings a range of perspectives and skills that are invaluable in tackling complex healthcare challenges.

In summary, promoting DEI among NHS healthcare staff is vital for delivering high-quality, culturally sensitive care, addressing existing disparities, and elevating the overall standard of care. This literature review aims to critically examine and synthesize research on the significance of DEI within the NHS workforce, focusing on the NHS People's Plan's implications. It identifies key factors for successful DEI implementation, challenges to overcome, and recommends future research directions.

PEO Question:

  • Population: Healthcare staff in the NHS, UK
  • Exposure: DEI initiatives and practices
  • Outcome: Healthcare outcomes, staff well-being, patient experiences
  • Question: What are the best practices and strategies for implementing DEI initiatives in the healthcare workforce to improve outcomes and experiences among NHS staff in the UK?...Read More


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